Juvenile Myopia WHAT IS IT? AND HOW CAN YOU CONTROL THE PROGRESSION?
HOW DOES EYE SIGHT WORK?
The eye is formed by muscles, nerves, skin and vascular tissue and it grows with the body up to the maximum development around the 25th year of age.
The sight develops during the fetal period. A newborn baby is able to see: the pupils react in case of bright light and is attracted by the soft light and movement.
The ability to fix in the baby becomes clear between the second and fourth week of life.
There is the maximum visual learning until the second year of age, then slowly continues up to 4-8 years, when the vision becomes comparable to that of an adult.
The eye could be compared to a camera where the lenses (cornea and crystalline lens) are the objective and the retina assumes the same functions of the film.
WHAT IS MYOPIA?
Myopia determines a confused perception of distant objects. Major is the entity of the problem and more evident is the necessity to approach things to see them better.
There are different types of myopia: congenital, where the defect manifest itself at the birth, it remains constant until school age but increases during school, and juvenile, most common, which appears in school age from 6 to 14 years.
Myopia is a condition in which the axis of the eye is too long and the light rays coming from a distant object are not focused correctly on the retina, but in front of it, causing the refractive error.
WHAT ARE SOME SIGNS THAT A CHILD IS SEEING POORLY?
- While reading they approach the text and/or loses their place
- Difficulties in reading or copying from the blackboard
- Difficulty in concentrating and learning
- While reading they mistake the p with q, the d with b
- Watching TV at close range
- Uncoordinated movements or collision with surroundings
- Difficulties with ball games
- Frequent vertigo or motion sickness, seasickness, etc.
- Excessively rubbing their eyes and/or squinting
WHAT CAN I DO TO COUNTERACT MYOPIA IN CHILDREN?
- Proper seating position
- Adequate amount of outdoor play time
- Minimize exposure to TV or video games
- Observe the optimum distance for reading or writing close (35-40 cm)
- Ensure to feed them a balanced and healthy diet, providing the eye all the nutrients it needs to function well, especially vitamins and minerals. These nutrients are found in fruits and vegetables, especially leafy green, whole grains, legumes and yellow-orange vegetables. Therefore it is advisable to consume large portions of these foods.
A recent study on over 4.000 children of the University of Sidney has shown that playing outdoors is important for the development of sight. The most interesting aspect is that sunlight stimulates the retina to release dopamine, a neurotransmitter that appears to slow the elongation of the eyeball, typical of short-sightedness. Outdoor activities thus lead to a decrease in the rate of juvenile myopia. Some foods contain nutrients, such as phenylethylamine (PEA), capable of regulating the production of dopamine, particularly the fermented cheese, chocolate, red fruits and some natural algae as the Klamath Algae, that is present in our product FriDop.